Engineers and craftsmen are the most sought after occupations
(Sarajevo, April 2, 2021) “Most employers estimate that in 2021 they will have an increase in business volume, which indicates their optimism, expectation and hope that the business environment will improve,” said the director of the Federal Employment Agency, Helena Lončar, after the results of the labor market research in FBiH, which was conducted in January this year. The survey, which surveyed 1,232 employers with five or more employees, was conducted by the Federal Employment Agency and cantonal employment services with the technical support of the “Labor Market Research” project funded by the European Union.
According to the expressed needs of employers within this research, the most sought-after occupations of III and IV degree in 2021 are salesman, tailor, driver, locksmith, welder, shoemaker, security guard, carpenter, butcher, call center operator and pastry chef. At the same time, the most sought-after occupations of higher education are IT expert, mechanical engineer, civil engineer, electrical engineer, economist, architect, graphic designer, master of pharmacy, commercialist and veterinarian.
“Labor market research is a significant segment of the Bureau’s activities because through the survey of employers we get very useful data that serve us to better adapt active employment policy measures to employers, as well as to improve the mediation function, which is our strategic goal,” added the director of the Federal Bureau. employment, Helena Lončar.
The results of the research showed that in 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, as many as 43% of respondents had a decline in business volume, while an increase in business volume was recorded by 26% of respondents. Only 24% of respondents had an increase in financial effects, which is a decrease of more than 35% compared to last year.
The research also showed several other very important trends. In 2020, the surveyed employers recorded a negative result between employees and workers whose employment was terminated. There are 4076 new employees (40%), and employment was terminated with 6058 persons (60%). Regarding the response to the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, employers mainly applied part-time work (21%). 16% of employers opted for the introduction of shift work, 15% of employers did not take any measures, while 1% of employers announced the termination of work.
Regarding job candidates, employers expressed the greatest dissatisfaction with the lack of technical – professional knowledge and skills, and the lack of self-initiative and creativity of job candidates. Also, employers point out dissatisfaction due to the lack of IT, organizational, analytical and planning skills among job candidates.
Complete research results are available HERE.
In addition to the Labor Market Survey Report, data on the number of students in secondary schools in the FBiH in the school year 2020/2021. years by directions are available HERE.