The aim of the research was to collect data from employers on employment in 2020 and employment needs in 2021, as well as trends in the labor market in the Republic of Srpska.
The questionnaire examined the real situation, opinions and perceptions in companies in the Republika Srpska, and data were collected primarily from owners, managers and human resources managers, who were familiar with the work of companies in the previous period, and plans for the period ahead.
The focus of this questionnaire was on the employer (company), given that the employer has the responsibility for choosing the technology and method of organization of work and production, and is most directly involved in the labor market.
The research showed the financial effects of business in 2020 and the impact of the “KOVID 19” pandemic on the work of the company. The decline in the volume of business was recorded by the largest percentage of employers (47.1%). 31.1% of employers had stagnant business volumes, while growth was present in 21.5% of employers.
At the time of the survey, employers had 29,270 employees, which was 10% of the total number of employees in the Republic of Srpska, and according to the type of contract, 82% of employees had an indefinite contract, while 16.6% had an employment contract. for a certain time.
Looking at the number of employees by region, we see that most newly employed workers were in Prijedor – 47.2%, Banja Luka – 35.5%, and in East Sarajevo – 32.4%.
The occupations for which employers expressed the greatest interest (out of the total number of new employees) in 2020 are: truck drivers, truck drivers, mechanical technicians, traders, locksmiths, economists, etc.
When looking for workers, employers use personal contacts and acquaintances (73.4% of employers use this approach), and the employment office – 40.2% of employers.
When asked about the employment of workers from special categories, a large number of employers have the opportunity to employ younger people without work experience (64.8%) and older than 40 years (56.1%).
The expiration of the employment contract was the most common specific reason for dismissal of workers (25.4%), followed by the impact of the pandemic (21.4%) and reduced business volume (19.6%). Women make up 29.1% of the laid off workforce.
Of the total number of employers who participated in the survey (978), 478 plan to hire new workers in 2021.
The total number of employers willing to offer practical training for pupils and students is 288, which is 29.4% of the total number of employers in the sample.
The most common occupations for which employers have the opportunity to organize practical classes or training include: salesman-merchant, locksmith, economist, cook, electrician, waiter, car mechanic, mechanical technician, welder – welder, civil engineer, bricklayer, architect, electrical engineer, carpenter, carpenter, construction technician, economic technician, tailor, mechanical engineer and reinforcement worker.
A total of 978 companies from the territory of Republika Srpska participated in the research, and a labor market research in Republika Srpska for 2020/2021. year, you can watch HERE.
ATV Labor Market Research